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Welcome To The Country and Acknowledgment Of Country

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Two protocols related to Country are important to know about in order to show respect for aboriginal people and their custodianship of and close ongoing connection to the land.


A Welcome to Country is a ritual or formal ceremony performed at many events held in Australia, intended to highlight the cultural significance of the surrounding area to a particular Aboriginal clan or language group who are recognised as Traditional Owners of the land. The Welcome must be performed by a recognised elder of the group. Welcomes to Country are sometimes accompanied by traditional smoking ceremonies, music or dance. Where an elder is not available to perform the Welcome, or there is not a recognised Traditional Owner, an Acknowledgement of Country may be offered instead.


If a local Elder is not available, or if the Traditional Owners have not been formally recognised for the area, an Acknowledgement of Country, also known as Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners, performed by the host of the event, is appropriate. If there is no formal recognition of Traditional Ownership, it is advised to limit recognition to an Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners generally, without making a reference to the name of any specific Traditional Owners.

An 'Acknowledgement of Country' is a way that all people can show awareness and respect for Aboriginal culture and heritage and the ongoing relationship the traditional owners have with their land.

Both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people can perform 'Acknowledgement of Country'. It is a demonstration of respect dedicated to the traditional custodians of the land (or sea) where the event, meeting, school function or conference takes place. It can be formal or informal.

General: I begin by acknowledging the Traditional Owners of the land on which we meet today, and pay my respects to Elders past and present.
Specific: I begin by acknowledging the Traditional Owners of the land on which we meet today, the [Traditional Owners] of the [nation], and pay my respects to Elders past and present.

Note: If possible, and if you are unsure of phrasing or specific details, it is recommended that you contact your local Traditional Owners for information

Acknowledgement of Country and Welcome to Country: Confidence With the Basics Webinar

Feel nervous, unsure or just a bit awkward giving an Acknowledgement of Country? Don't really understand the difference between an Acknowledgement and a Welcome? Been asked to organise a Welcome to Country and don't know where to start? This webinar is hosted by Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal members of the RAP team who help with these questions and more.

Click the link to watch the free webinar: Acknowledgement of Country and Welcome to Country Webinar

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have experienced a long history of exclusion from Australian history books, the Australian flag, the Australian anthem, and for many years, Australian democracy. This history of dispossession and colonisation lies at the heart of the disparity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians today. Including recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in events, meetings, and national symbols, is one part of ending the exclusion that has been so damaging.

Incorporating welcoming and acknowledgement protocols into official meetings and events recognises Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the First Australians, and the Traditional Custodians of the land. It promotes an ongoing connection to the place of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians and shows respect for Traditional Owners.

Reconciliation Australia
Welcome to Country & Acknowledgement of Country, Creative Spirits
Welcome To Country, Wikipedia

Last modified on Thursday, May 20, 2021
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